Oxford Current English Translation (Was/Were) Exercise 12 to 17 Solution

Use of Was/Were, it’s Uses of Rules, Examples & Exercise 12,13 to 17  full Solution of Oxford Translation by R.k Sinha.



पहचान :- जब वाक्य के अंत मे था, थी, थीं, या थे मुख्य क्रिया के रूप मे रहता है, तब was/were का प्रयोग होता है ।

1. मै खुश था ।
2. लड़के तैयार थें ।
3. वे एक डॉक्टर थें ।
4. वह एक किरानी था ।
5. महात्मा गांधी महान थें ।

इस Chapter के वाक्यों को निम्नलिखित “Structure” के अनुसार बनाया जाता है । जिस Category का वाक्य हो उसे उस Category के Structure के अनुसार अनुसार बनाया जाता है ।

Affirmative Sentences Structure

1. Subject + was/were + Complement.

2. Subject + was/were + a/an + Complement.

Negative Sentences Structure

3. Subject + was/were + not + Complement.

  1. Sub + was/were + not + an/an + Complement.

Interrogative Sentences Structure

5. Was/Were + Subject + Complement ?

6. Was/Were + Subject + a/an Complement ?

Interrogative with Negative Sentences Structure

7. Was/Were + Subject + not + Complement ?

8. Was/Were + Subject + not + a/an Complement ?

W.H word Question Sentences Structure

9. W.h word + Was/Were + Subject + Complement ?

10. W.h word + Was/Were + Subject + not + Complement ?

यदि आवश्यक हो तब a/an का प्रयोग किया जाता है । इसका भी Structure ऊपर दिए गए हैं ।

W.h word का मतलब है Why, When, How, Where etc.

Complement का अर्थ होता है । पूरक यानि कि वाक्य मे Subject और helping verb के बाद जो चीजे बच जाती है उसे ही Complement (पूरक) कहा जाता है ।

Use of Was & Were  Examples

1. मै गरीब था ।    i was poor.
2. वह लंबी थी ।      She was tall.
3. आप थके थेंं ।     you were tired.
4. हमलोग तैयार थे ।    We were ready.
5. सीता लाचार थी ।     Sita was helpless.
6. वह एक किरानी था  ।      He was a clerk.
7. लड़के तैयार थे ।     The boys were ready.
8. वे लोग अशिक्षित थे ।  They were uneducated.

9. वे एक डॉक्टर थे ।   He was a doctor.
10. हमलोग हाकिम थे ।  We were officers.
11. आपलोग किसान थे । you were farmers.
12. वह एक चालक था  ।      He was a driver.
13. वे लोग डाक्टर थे  ।     They were doctors.
14. लड़के विधार्थी थे ।     They boys were students.
15. रामू और गोपी किसान थे ।     Ramu and Gopi were farmers.


Use of Was/Were Simple Sentence Exercise 12  Solution of Oxford Current English Translation by R.k Sinha.

Learn Hindi to English Translation


मै खुश था ।   I was happy.
हमलोग गरीब थे ।   we were poor.
आप मेहनती थे ।   you were laborious.
आपलोग संतुष्ट थे ।   you were satisfied.
तुम तैयार थे ।   you were ready.
तुमलोग अनुपस्थित थे ।   you were absent.
वह बूढा था ।   He was old.
वह उदास थी ।   She was sad.
भिखारी भूखा था ।   The beggar was hungry.
भिखारी भूखे थे ।   The beggars were hungry.
वे लोग अमीर थे ।   They were rich.
बच्चा उदास था ।  The child was sad.
बच्चे उदास थे ।   The children were sad.

मेरा भाई उपस्थित था ।   My brother was present.
तुम और मदन अमीर थे ।   you and madan were rich.
राम और श्याम उपस्थित थे ।   Ram and Shyam were present.
भारत धनी था ।   India was rich.
आपका भाई मूर्ख था ।   your brother was foolish.
आपके भाई मूर्ख थे ।   your brother was foolish.
आपके भाई लोग मूर्ख थे ।   your brothers were foolish.
महात्मा गांधी महान थे ।   Mahatma gandhi was great.
वे लोग बुद्धिमान थे ।   They were wise.
हमलोग खिलाड़ी थे ।   We were players.


आपलोग विधार्थी थे ।   you were students.
वे लोग शिक्षक थे ।   They were teachers.
राम और मदन किसान थे ।   Ram and Madan were farmers.
मै एक डॉक्टर था ।   I was a doctor.
तुम एक कवि थे ।   you were a poet.
आप एक लेखक थे ।   you were a writer.
वे एक शिक्षिका थी ।   She was a teacher.
श्याम बाबू एक वकील थे ।   Shyam babu was an advocate.
मेरे मित्रगण नेता थे ।   My friends were leaders.


Negative Sentence ( Use of Was & Were )

Negative Sentence बनाना काफी आसान है बस was / were के बाद not लगा दें ।  नीचे देखें ।

1. मै दोषी नही था ।     i was not guilty.
2. मोहन गरीब नही था ।  Mohan was not poor.
3. आप बेईमान नही थे ।  you were not dishonest.
4. वे लोग कमजोर नही थें ।     They were not weak.
5 हमलोग भिखारी नही थे ।    we were not beggars.
6. तुम एक चालक नही थे ।    you were not a driver.
7. रीता एक नर्स नही थी  ।   Reeta  was  not  a  nurse.
8. लड़के छात्र नही थे ।   The boys were not students.

Was & Were Negative Sentence Exercise 13  full Solution Oxford Current English Translation by r.k Sinha.

Translate Hindi Into English 

मै तैयार नही था ।   I was not ready.
तुम उपस्थित नही थे ।   you were not present.
आपलोग वफादार नही थे ।   you were not faithful.
हमलोग गरीब नही थे ।   we were not poor.
सीता गोरी नही थी ।   Sita was not fair-complexioned.
मेरा भाई विद्वान नही था ।   My brother was not learned.
तुम नियमित नही थे ।   you were not regular.
वह मूर्ख नही थी ।   She was not foolish.
डाकू निर्दय नही था ।   The Robber was not heartless.


वह दोषी नही था ।   He was not guilty.
वह अशिक्षित नही थी ।   She was not uneducated.
कहानी रोचक नही थी ।   The story was not interesting.
वह सही नही था । (यदि कहानी के बारे मे बोला जाए तब)  That was not right.
वह सही नही था । (यदि इंसान के बारे मे बोला जाए तब)  He was not right.
मै गलत नही था ।   I was not wrong.
तुम्हारी माँ उपस्थित नही थी ।   your mother was not present.
वे लोग शिक्षित नही थे ।   They were not educated.
लड़के बुरे नही थे ।   The boys were not bad.
पिताजी व्यस्त नही थे ।  father/dad was not busy.
मै कलाकार नही था ।   I was not an artist.


हमलोग खिलाड़ी नही थे ।   we were not players.
तुम एक अभियंता नही थे ।   you were not an engineer.
आपलोग नेता नही थे ।   you were not leaders.
वह गायक नही था ।   He was not a singer.
मै टंकक नही था ।   I was not a typist.
वे लोग चोर नही थे ।   They were not thieves.
रामू एक साधु नही था ।   Ramu was not a saint.
वे लोग राजा नही थे ।   They were not kings.
वह रानी नही थी ।   She was not a queen.
मेरा भाई अभिनेता नही था ।   My brother was not an actor.


Interrogative Sentence of Was & Were )

कुछ प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य क्या से शुरू होते हैं, आप ऐसे वाक्यो का अनुवाद Subject के अनुसार was/were से शुरू करें ।

1. क्या मै गलत था ?  Was i wrong ?
2. क्या मै पागल था ?      Was i mad ?
3. क्या वे दुखी थे ?     Were they sad ?
4. क्या सीता सुंदर थी ?  Was sita beautiful ?
5. क्या आप कवि थे ?       Were you a poet ?
6. क्या वे लोग नेता थे ?       Were they leaders ?
7. क्या लड़के चालाक थे ?  Were the boys clever ?
8. क्या राम और श्याम दोषी थे ?       Were Ram and Shyam guilty ?

Negative Interrogative Sentence 

1. क्या तुम पागल नही थे ?      Were you not mad ?
2. क्या गीता बहरी नही थी ?       Was Geeta not deaf ?
3. क्या मै भाग्यशाली नही था ?     Was i not lucky ?
4. क्या वे लोग किसान नही थे ?      Were they not farmers ?
5. क्या भारतीय किसान मेहनती नही थे ?     Were indian farmers not laborious ?



Interrogative Sentence Exercise 14  Solution, of Oxford Translation by R.k Sinha.

Translate Hindi Into English 

क्या मै गलत था ?   Was i wrong ?
क्या तुम सही थे ?   Were you right ?
क्या गीता पागल थी ?   Was Geeta mad ?
क्या नेता लोग ईमानदार थे ?   Were the leaders honest ?
क्या भारत की जनता जागरूक थी ?   Were the people of india cautious ?
क्या आम कच्चे थे ?   Were the mangoes unripe ?
क्या आप बीमार थे ?   Were you ill ?
क्या सेब स्वादिष्ट था ?   Was the apple tasty ?
क्या उसका चेहरा चमकीला था ?   Was his face bright ?

क्या तुमलोग सतर्क थे  ?   Were you alert ?
क्या शिक्षकगण उपस्थित थे ?   Were the teachers present ?
क्या भारतीय नेता ईमानदार थे ?   Were indian leaders honest ?
क्या पुस्तकेंं अच्छी थींं ?   Were the books good ?
क्या वे लोग पागल नही थे ?   Were they not mad ?
क्या तुम तैयार नही थे ?   Were you not ready ?
क्या मौसम सुहावना नही था ?   Was the weather not pleasant ?
क्या हमलोग प्यासे नही थे ?   Were We not thirsty ?


क्या वे लोग ग्रामवासी थे ?   Were they villagers ?
क्या मै एक अच्छा विधार्थी नही था ?   Was i not a good student ?
क्या आपलोग डाक्टर थे ?  Were you doctors ?
क्या आपलोग पुस्तक-विक्रेता थे ?   Were you booksellers ?
क्या वह एक छात्र नही था ?   Was he not a student ?
क्या वे लोग दोस्त नही थे ?   Were they not friends ?
क्या वे लोग दुश्मन थे ?   Were they enemies ?


W.h Question ( Use of Was & Were )

When ( कब ), Why ( क्यो ), How ( कैसे ) इत्यादि का प्रयोग ।

जब प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य मे कब/क्यो/कैसे रहता है तब वाक्य की बनावट कुछ इस प्रकार का होता है ।

W.H + was/were + Subject + not + Complement ?

1. मै क्यो क्रूर था ?    Why was i cruel ?
2. तुम क्यो उदास थे ?  Why were you sad ?
3. वे लोग कैसे बुरे थे ?   How were they bad ?
4. सीता क्यो परेशान थी ?   Why was sita troubled ?
5. हमलोग क्यो तैयार थे ?   Why were we ready ?
6. आप कब बीमार थे ?      When were you ill ?
7. तुम क्यो तैयार नही थी ?  Why were you not ready ?
8. सीता कैसे दयालु नही थी ?  How was sita not kind ?
9. वे लोग कब थके थे ?    When were they tired ?
10. आप कब एक डॉक्टर थे ?  When were you a doctor ?
11. वे लोग क्यो चोर थे ?   Why were they thieves ?

Exercise 15  full Solution, Use of Was & Were Simple Sentence, W.h Question of Oxford Translation by R.k Sinha.

Translate Hindi Into English 

वह क्यो तैयार था ?   Why was he ready ?
वह कैसे निर्दय थी ?   How was she crue/,heartless ?
राज क्यो थका था ?    Why was Raj tired ?
वह कब थकी थी ?   When was she tired ?
सीता क्यो लाचार थी ?   Why was sita helpless ?
राम का भाई कब बीमार था ?   When was Ram’s brother ill ?
तुम क्यो उदास थे ?   Why were you sad ?
आप कब उपस्थित थे ?   When were you present ?
वह क्यो बुरा था ?   Why was he bad ?
वे लोग क्यो अशिक्षित थे ?   Why were they uneducated ?


आप कैसे भाग्यशाली थे ?   How were you lucky ?
वे लोग क्यो आश्चर्यचकित थे ?   Why were they surprised ?
मै कैसे नियमित नही था ?   How was i not regular ?
आप कैसे दोषी नही थे ?   How were you not guilty ?
राज कैसे गलत था ?   How was Raj wrong ?
महात्मा गांधी कैसे महान नही थे ?   How was Mahatma gandhi not great ?
तुम क्यो उपस्थित नही थे ?   Why were you not present ?
वह कब रंज था ?   When was he angry/annoyed ?
राज कब बीमार नही था ?   When was Raj not ill ?
तुमलोग तैयार क्यो नही थे ?   Why were you not ready ?


वह संतुष्ट क्यो नही थी ?   Why was she not satisfied ?
दरबाजा क्यो खुला था ?   Why was the door open ?
हमलोग कैसे लाचार नही थे ?   How were we not helpless ?
आप कब एक डॉक्टर थे ?   When were you a doctor ?
वह कब एक डाकू था ?   When was he a robber ?
वह कब एक नर्स थी ?   When was she a nurse ?
वे लोग कब मेरे दोस्त थे ?   When were they my friends ?
मै कैसे एक अच्छा आदमी नही था ?   How was i not a good man ?
आपलोग क्यो अच्छे खिलाड़ी नही थे ?   Why were you not good players ?

Miscellaneous Exercise 16  full solution, Use of Was /Were Simple Sentence of Oxford Translation book by R.k Sinha 

Translate Hindi Into English 

वे लोग बुद्धिमान हैं ।   They are wise.
वे लोग बुद्धिमान थे ।   They were wise.
क्या आप संतुष्ट नही हैं ?   Are you not satisfied ?
क्या आप संतुष्ट नही थे ?   Were you not satisfied ?
मेरा नौकर वफादार और परिश्रमी नही है ।   My servant is not faithful and laborious.
मेरा नौकर वफादार और परिश्रमी नही था ।  My servant was not faithful and laborious.
आप क्यो चुप हैंं ?   Why are you  silent ?
आप क्यो चुप थे ?   Why were you silent ?
क्या तुम घमंडी नही हो ?   Are you not proud ?

क्या तुम घमंडी नही थे ?   Were you not proud ?
वह क्यो धनी नही था ?   Why was he not rich ?
वह क्यो धनी नही है ?   Why is he not rich ?
क्या हमलोग बेवकूफ हैंं ?   Are we foolish ?
क्या हमलोग बेवकूफ थे ?   Were we foolish ?
उसका व्यवहार बुरा था ।   his behaviour was bad.
उसका व्यवहार बुरा है ।   his behaviour is bad.
हमलोग अभिनेता नही हैंं ।   we are not actors.
हमलोग अभिनेता नही थे ।   we were not actors.
वे लोग मेरे भाई हैंं ।   They are my brothers.


वे लोग मेरे भाई थे ।   They were my brothers.
क्या वह एक चालक है ?   Is he a driver ?
क्या वह एक चालक था ?   Was he a driver ?
क्या आप नेता नही हैंं ?   Are you not a leader ?
क्या आपलोग नेता नही थे ?   Were you not leaders ?
क्या मै एक शिक्षक नही हूँँ ?   Am i not a teacher ?
क्या हमलोग शिक्षक नही थे ?   Were we not teachers ?
दूध क्यो लाभदायक होता है ?   Why is milk useful ?
क्या बच्चे नटखट नही होते ?   Are children not naughty ?


Exercise 17  full Solution, Use of Was/Were Miscellaneous Exercise Solution, book by r.k Sinha.

Learn Hindi to English Translation

मै दयालु हूँँ ।   I am kind.
मै दयालु था ।    I was kind.
क्या तुम दयालु नही हो ?   Are you not kind ?
मेरा स्कूल अच्छा है ।   My school is good.
मेरे मित्रगण अच्छे हैंं ।   My friends are good.
वे दयालु हैंं ।   They are kind.
विधार्थी दयालु होते हैंं ।   students are kind .
मै थका हूँँ । आप भी थके है । इसलिए हमलोग तैयार नही है ।   I am tired. You are also tired. So we are not ready.
क्या आप तैयार हैंं ?   Are you ready ?
क्या तुम्हारे पिताजी नेक हैंं ?   Is your father gentle ?
हाँ, वे नेक हैंं ।   yes, he is gentle.

क्या तुम घमंडी हो ? नही, मै घमंडी नही हूँँ ।   are you proud ? No, I am not proud.
क्या वे लोग उदास है ?  हाँँ, वे लोग उदास हैंं ।
Are they sad ? Yes, they are sad.
वे लोग खुश क्यो नही हैंं ?   Why are they not happy ?
मेरी माँ क्यो रंज नही है ?   Why is my mother not angry ?
मेरी माँ दयालु है ।   My mother is kind.
माँ दयालु होती है ।  The Mother is kind.
मेरा भाई दयालु था ।   My brother was kind.
वह कैसे दयालु था ?   How was he kind ?
क्या तुम तैयार नही थे ?   Were you not ready ?
नही, मै तैयार था ।   No, I was ready.
आप कैसे तैयार थे ?   How were you ready ?


क्या मै सही नही था ? हाँँ, आप सही थे ।
Was I not right ? Yes, you were right.
हमलोग गलत थे ।   We were wrong.
क्या भारतीय किसान मेहनती नही थे ?   Were indian farmers not laborious ?
क्या भारत गरीब था ?   Was india poor ?
क्या भारत गरीब नही है ?   Is india not poor ?
क्या तुम्हारे रहन-सहन का स्तर ऊंचा है ?   Is the standard of your living high ?
क्या प्रत्येक व्यक्ति महान नही होता ?   Is Every man not great ?
क्या प्रत्येक फूल आकर्षक नही होता ?   Is Every flower not attractive ?
क्या आपके मित्रगण नेता हैंं ? नही, वे लोग नेता नही हैंं ।
Are your friends leaders ? No, they are not leaders ?



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