Active-Passive Voice Exercise 225 & 226 Solution Oxford Translation

Active-Passive Voice Exercise 225 & 226 Solution Oxford Translation



How to Translate Active & Passive Voice in Past Indefinite Tense Of Oxford current English translation by R.k Sinha.

Active Voice in Past Indefinite Tense

पहचान : खाया, खाया था, लिखा, लिखा था, गया, गया था

Structure of Active Voice

Subject + V2 + Object.

1. उसने पढाया ।
2. उसने मुझे पत्र लिखा ।
3. उसने चार शेरो को मारा ।
4. मैने उस लड़के को बचाया ।
5. उनलोगों ने पुराने वृक्षों को काटा ।

Passive Voice in Past Indefinite Tense

पहचान : खाया गया, लिखा गया, लगाए गए, दी गई, की गई ।

Structure of Passive Voice

Subject + was/were + V3.
Subject + was/were + V3 + by + …

1. मुझे पढाया गया ।
2. कुछ पेड़ लगाए गए ।
3. मुझे एक किताब दी गई ।
4. उसके द्वारा आम खाया गया ।
5. उसके द्वारा मुझे पत्र लिखा गया ।

More Examples of Passive Voice

उसे पीटा गया ।   He was beaten.
उसे पीटा गया था ।   He was beaten.
मुझे पढाया गया ।     i  was taught.
मुझे पढाया गया था ।     i  was taught.
घोड़ा बेचा गया ।    The house was sold.
एक घर बनाया गया ।    A house was built.
मुझे एक कलम दी गई ।   i  was given a pen.
कुछ कलमे खरीदी गई ।     Some pens were bought.
उनलोगों को आदेश दिया गया ।     They were ordered.
राम के द्वारा एक पक्षी मारा गया ।     A bird was killed by Ram.
उसे यह काम करने को कहा गया ।     He was asked to do this work.

Negative Sentence of Passive Voice

Subject + was/were + not + V3.

मुझे नहीं पढाया गया ।     i  was not taught.
उसे नहीं पीटा गया ।     He was not beaten.
पेड़ नहीं काटा गया ।     The tree was not cut.
पत्र नहीं लिखे गए ।     Letters were not written.
खेत नहीं जोता गया ।     The field was not ploughed.
वे लोग दंडित नहीं किए गए । They were not punished.

Interrogative Sentence of Passive Voice

Was/Were + Subject + ( not ) + V3 ?

W.h word + Was/Were + Subject + ( not ) + V3 ?

क्या दरवाजा तोड़ा गया ?     Was the door broken ?
क्या मोहन को दंडित नहीं किया गया ?     Was Mohan not punished ?
क्या अंग्रेजी नहीं पढाई गई ?    Was English not taught ?
क्या लड़के पढाए गए ?     Were the boys taught ?
क्या घोड़े नहीं बेचे गए ?    Were the horses not sold ?
उससे क्या पूछा गया ?    What was he asked ?
उनलोगों को क्या दिया गया ?     What were they given ?
उसे क्यों पीटा गया ?    Why was he beaten ?
बक्से को कहाँ छिपाया गया ?    Where was the box hidden ?
उसे प्रोत्साहित क्यों नहीं किया गया ?     Why was he not encouraged ?

Oxford current English translation Exercise 225 Solution-Change Active & Passive voice in simple past tense.

Learn Active & Passive voice

उसने पढाया/पढाया था ।     He taught.
उसे पढाया गया/गया था ।     He was taught.
उसने मारा ।     He killed.
वह मारा गया ।     He was killed.
मैने आदेश दिया ।      i Ordered.
मुझे आदेश दिया गया ।     i was ordered.
एक कुआँ खोदा गया ।     A well was dug.
एक पुल बनाया गया ।     A bridge was built.
लड़के पढाए गए ।     The boys were taught.
उसे पीटा गया ।     He was beaten.
कुछ पेड़ लगाए गए ।      Some trees were planted.
एक गाड़ी खरीदी गई ।      A car was bought.
वह पेड़ काटा गया ।      That tree was cut.
मुझे प्यार किया गया ।      i  was loved.
आपको आदेश दिया गया ।     you were ordered.
उनसे अनुरोध किया गया ।     He was requested.
राम ने हमलोगो को पढाया ।      Ram taught us.
हमलोग पढाए गए ।     We were taught.
राम पढाया गया ।     Ram was taught.
उसने एक चोर को देखा ।     He saw a thief.
एक चोर उसके द्वारा देखा गया ।    A thief was seen by him.

पुराने वृक्ष काटे गए ।     The old trees were cut.
उसने पुराने वृक्षों को काटा ।     He cut the old trees.
यह कहा गया ।    it was said.
आपको मिठाईयाँ दी गई ।    you were given the sweets.
मुझे पटना जाने को कहा गया ।     i was said/told/asked to go to Patna.
मुझे गाने के लिए अनुरोध किया गया ।     i  was requested to sing.



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