Oxford Current English Translation Ex 208 209 Solution

1. Noun as Subject

राम खाता है ।  Ram eats.
लड़के पढतें हैं ।  The boys read.
ईमानदारी सबसे अच्छी नीति है ।  Honesty is the best policy.
यहाँ Ram, Boys और Honesty “Noun” है जो वाक्य में Subject के रूप मे आए हैं ।
2. Pronoun as Subject
मै पढता हूँ ।  I read.
वह खाती है ।  She eats.
वे लोग दौड़ते हैं ।  They run.
प्रत्येक के पास कलम है ।  Everyone has a pen.
यहाँ I, She, They और Everyone “Pronoun” है जो वाक्य में Subject के रूप मे आए हैं ।
3. Adjective as Subject
धनी प्रसन्न हैं ।  The rich are happy.
गरीब दुखी रहते हैं ।  The poor are sad.
बूढें कमजोर होते हैं ।  The old are weak.
युवा भ्रमित हैं ।  The young are misguided.
रोगी लाचार होते हैं ।   The sick are helpless.
क्या रोगी लाचार होते हैं ।  Are the sick are helpless.
यहाँ धनी, गरीब, बूढे, युवा और रोगी विशेषण ( Adjective ) हैं जो वाक्य मे कर्ता के रूप मे आए हैं ।। ऐसे कर्ता का अनुवाद Adjective के पहले the लगाकर किया जाता है ।
Note :
1. Adjective के पहले the लगाना आवश्यक है ।
2. rich का riches, poor का poors इत्यादि बनाकर यहाँ प्रयोग ना करें ।
3. The rich, The poor, The youth इत्यादि सदा Plural Number में रहते हैं तथा इनके साथ हमेशा Plural Verb का ही प्रयोग होगा ।

Exercise 208 ka Solution of Oxford Current English Translation book by R.k Sinha.

Translate into English
बूढें लाचार हैं ।
The old are helpless.
धनी बेईमान हैं ।
The rich are dishonest.
गरीब ईमानदार होते हैं ।
The poor are honest.
अंधे नहीं देखते हैं ।
The blind don’t see.
गूँगे नहीं बोल सकते हैं ।
The dumb can’t speak.
गरीब मर रहे हैं ।
The poor are dying.
धनी गरीब का शोषण करते हैं ।
The rich exploit the poor.
रोगी लाचार होते हैं ।
The sick are helpless.
गरीब उन्नति नहीं करेंगे ।
The poor will not progress.
क्या धनी हमेशा धनी रहेंगे ?
Will the rich always be rich ?
जवान बूढें की मदद क्यों नहीं करते हैं ?
Why do the young not help the old ?
क्या गरीब हमेशा गरीब रहेंगे ?
Will the poor always be poor ?
क्या बहरे नहीं बोल सकते हैं ?
May the deaf not speak ?
क्या शिक्षित अशिक्षित को धोखा दे रहे हैं ?
Are the educated cheating the uneducated ?
जवान और बूढे एक साथ काम क्यों नहीं करते ?
Why do the young and the old not work together ?
क्या गरीब वास्तव में गरीब हैं ?
Are the poor really poor.
क्या गरीब इस समाज में नहीं रह सकते हैं ?
Can’t the poor live in this society ?
क्या बूढे लाचार होते हैं ?
Are the old useless ?
धनी क्यों घमंडी हैं ?
Why are the rich proud ?
युवा कैसे भ्रमित हैं ?
How are the young misguided ?
4. Infinitive and Gerund as Subject
Infinitive : Verb के पहले to लगाकर infinitive बनाया जाता है । जैसे to go, to walk, to play, etc
Gerund : Verb मे ing जोड़कर gerund बनाया जाता है । जैसे
Eat + ing = Eating
Play + ing = Playing
Note : जब हिंदी के वाक्यों के कर्ता, क्रिया ( Verb ) से बने होते हैं । तब ऐसे वाक्यों का अनुवाद Infinitive या Gerund का प्रयोग Subject के रूप मे किया जाता है । जैसे
खेलना लाभदायक है ।
To play is useful.
Playing is useful.
झूठ बोलना पाप है ।
To tell a lie is a sin.
Telling a lie is a sin.
अँग्रेजी सीखना आसान है ।
To learn English is easy.
Learning English is easy.
ऐसे वाक्यों का अनुवाद इस प्रकार से भी किया जाता है ।
खेलना लाभदायक है ।
It is useful to play.
झूठ बोलना पाप है ।
It is a sin to tell a lie.
अँग्रेजी सीखना आसान है ।
It is easy to learn english.
अर्थात अगर हिंदी वाक्यों के कर्ता, क्रिया ( Verb ) से बने हो, तो ऐसे वाक्यों का अनुवाद उपर्युक्त तीनो विधियों से किया जा सकता है । जैसे
खेलना लाभदायक है ।
To play is useful.
Playing is useful.
It is useful to play.
झूठ बोलना पाप है ।
To tell a lie is a sin.
Telling a lie is a sin.
It is a sin to tell a lie.
अँग्रेजी सीखना आसान है ।
To learn English is easy.
Learning English is easy.
It is easy to learn english.
सच बोलना कठिन है ।
To speak the truth is difficult.
Speaking the truth is difficult.
It is difficult to speak the truth.

Exercise 209 Solution of Oxford Current English Translation book by R.k Sinha.

Translate into English
दौड़ना लाभदायक है ।
To run is useful.
Running is useful.
It is useful to run.
शराब पीना बुरा है ।
To drink is bad.
Drinking is bad.
It is bad to drink.
झूठ बोलना पाप है ।
To tell a lie is a sin.
Telling a lie is a sin.
It is a sin to tell a lie.
चोरी करना अपराध है ।
To steal is a crime.
Stealing is a crime.
It is a crime to steal.
गाली देना बुरी बात है ।
To abuse is a bad thing.
Abusing is a bad thing.
It is a bad thing to abuse.
टहलना एक व्यायाम है ।
To walk is an exercise.
Walking is an exercise.
It is a exercise to walk.
सोना आवश्यक है ।
To sleep is essential.
Sleeping is essential.
It is essential to sleep.
सिगरेट पीना हानिकारक है ।
To smoke is harmful/injurious.
Smoking is harmful/injurious.
It is harmful/injurious to smoke.
खेलना आवश्यक है ।
To play is essential.
Playing is essential.
It is essential to play.
वहाँ जाना जरूरी है ।
To go there is necessary.
Going there is necessary.
It is necessary to go there.
यह करना कठिन है ।
To do this is difficult.
Doing this is difficult.
It is difficult to do this.
अँग्रेजी बोलना आसान है ।
To speak English is easy.
Speaking english is easy.
It is easy to speak English.
गरीब की मदद करना अच्छा है ।
To help the poor is good.
Helping the poor is good.
It is good to help the poor.
बाघ मारना आसान नहीं है ।
To kill a tiger is not easy.
Killing a tiger is not easy.
It is not easy to kill a tiger.
वादा करना आसान है परंतु पूरा करना कठिन ।
To promise is easy but to fulfil is difficult.
It is easy to promise but it is difficult to fulfil.
कुछ भी करना मेरे लिए आवश्यक है ।
To do anything is essential for me.
Doing anything is essential for me.
It is essential to do anything for me.
आत्महत्या पाप है ।
To commit suicide is a sin.
Commiting suicide is a sin.
It is a sin to commit suicide.
क्या दूध पीना लाभदायक नहीं है ?
Is drinking milk not useful ?
अँग्रेजी बोलना कैसे कठिन नहीं है ?
How is speaking english not difficult ?
तैरना कैसे एक अच्छा व्यायाम है ?
How is swimming a good exercise ?
क्या ताश खेलना अच्छा नहीं है ?
Is playing cards not good ?
क्या शराब पीना तुम्हारे लिए जरूरी है ?
Is drinking necessary for you ?


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