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The object of this book is to provide a simple introduction to the Indian systems of Philosophy. Each one of these systems has a vast and varied development and cannot be treated adequately in a brief work like this. Attempt has been made to introduce the reader to the spirit and outlook of indian philosophy and help him to grasp thoroughly the central ideas rather than acqauaint him with minute details. Modern students of Philosophy feel many difficulties in understanding the Indian problems and theories. Their long experience with university students hads helped the authors to realise these, and they have tried to remove them as far as possible. This account for most of the critical discussions which could otherwise have been dispensed with. The book has been primarily written for beginners. The first chapter which contains the general principles and basic features of Indian philosophy, as well as a brief sketch of each systems, gives the student a bird’s-eye view of the entire field and prepares him for a more intensive study of the systems which are contained in the following chapters. It is hoped, therefore, that the book will suit the needs of university students at different stages, as well as of general readers interested in Indian Philosophy.
Key Updates in the Second Edition
- Reorganized into seven parts and fifteen chapters, making it easier for instructors to assign chapters for a semester-long course.
- Continues to introduce systems historically, but focuses on new key questions and issues within each system.
- Details new arguments, counter-arguments, objections, and their reformulations in the nine schools of Indian philosophy.
- Offers expanded discussion of how various schools of Indian philosophy are engaged with each other.
- Highlights key concepts and adds new grey boxes to explain selected key concepts.
- Includes a new section that problematizes the Western notion of "philosophy."
- New Suggested Readings sections are placed at the end of each chapter, which include recommended translations, a bibliography of important works, and pertinent recent scholarship for each school
- Adds a new part (Part III) that explains the difficulties involved in translating from Sanskrit into English, discusses fundamental concepts and conceptual distinctions often used to present Indian philosophy to Western students, and reviews important features and maxims that most darśanas follow.
- Provides new examples of applications to illustrate more obscure concepts and principles.
Table of Contents
Part I: Introduction
Part II: The Foundations
2. The Beginnings of Indian Philosophy: The Vedas
3. The Upaniṣads
Part III: Darśanas: Preliminary Considerations
4. Darśanas: Preliminary Considerations
Part IV: Non-Vedic Darśanas
5. Indian Materialism:The Lokāyata/Cārvāka Darśana and the Śramaṇas
6. The Jaina Darśana
7. The Bauddha Darśana
Part V: The Ancient Darśanas
8. The Mīmāṃsa Darśana
9. The Sāṁkhya Darśana
10. The Yoga Darśana
11. The Vaiśeṣika Darśana
12. The Nyāya Darśana
Part VI: Systems with Global Impact
13. The Buddhist Schools
14. The Vedānta Darśana
Part VII: The Bhagavad Gītā
15. The Bhagavad Gītā
Part VIII: Modern Indian Thought
16. Modern Indian Thought
Appendix: Translation of Selected Texts
A: The Foundations
B: Non-Vedic Darśanas
C: Ancient Darśanas
D: Systems with Global Impact
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