Change Direct to Indirect Speech Narration Part 2 of Oxford grammar by R.k Sinha

Change Direct to Indirect Speech Narration Part 2 of Oxford grammar by R.k Sinha



How to Change Direct to Indirect Speech Narration Rules 2 and it’s Examples & Exercise Solution.

Rule 2, How to Change of Tense

Note : यदि Reporting Verb Past Tense मे रहे, तब Inverted Comma के भीतर प्रयुक्त Tense मे परिवर्तन होता है ।

यदि Reporting Verb Past Tense ( Said ) रहे तो निम्नलिखित प्रकार से Tense को बदलते हैं ।

Direct Speech.                       Indirect Speech.

V1/V5                                                                V2
Do/does + not + V1                     Did + not + V1
V2                                                           Had + V3
Did + not + V1                            Had + not + V3

Has/have                                                       Had
Is/are/am                                            Was/Were
Was/were                                            Had been
Had to                                                had had to
Has/have been                                   Had been

Had                                                     No change
Had been                                           No change

Can                                                              Could
May                                                             Might
Shall                                                          Should
Will                                                            Would

Could                                                  No change
Would                                                 No change
Might                                                  No change
Should                                                No change
Must                                                    No change

Reporting Verb “Said” को told मे बदल देते हैं ।  तथा
Inverted Comma के स्थान पर that का प्रयोग करते हैं ।

Reporting Verb के बाद प्रयुक्त to को हटा देते हैं, यानि कि लुप्त कर देते हैं ।

Oxford Current English Grammar Exercise 75 full Solution, Convert Direct to Indirect Speech easily.

Change the following Sentences into Indirect Speech

1. The boys said to the teacher, ” We need your help. ”
The boys told the teacher that they needed his help.

2. He said to me, ” i am your neighbour. ”
He told me that he was my neighbour.

3. She said to me, ” i am ready to help you. ”
She told me that she was ready to help me.

4. He said to her, ” i help you because you are a good girl. ”
He told her that he helped her because she was a good girl.

5. Ram said to geeta, ” i am not going to help you. ”
Ram told geeta that he was not going to help her.

6. He said to me, ” i have no time for you. ”
He told me that he had no time for me.

7. They said to me, ” We have done everything for you. ”
They told me that they had done everything for me.

8. You said to her, ” i have not beaten your brother. ”
You told her that you had not beaten her brother.

9. He said to me, ” i have been waiting for you for two hours. ”
He told me that he had been waiting for me for two hours.

10. Meena said to Ravi, ” you are my best friend. ”
Meena told Ravi that he was her best friend.

11. He said to them, ” i can help you if you don’t harm me. ”
He told them that he could help them if they didn’t harm him.

12. The farmer said to the little boy, ” you can live with me. ”
The farmer told the little boy that he could live with him.

13. He said to you, ” i shall help you. ”
He told you that he would help you.
14. Ravi said to Leela, ” i shall be helping you. ”
Ravi told leela that he would be helping her.

15. She said, ” i shall be a nurse. ”
She said that she would be a nurse.

16. He said to me, ” you will get success if you work hard. ”
He told me that i should get success if i worked hard.

17. i said to her, ” if you help me, i shall help you. ”
i told her that if she helped me, i should help her.

18. She said to him, ” i shall be your guide. ”
She told him that she would be his guide.

19. He said, ” i could pass the examination. ”
He said that he could pass the examination.

20. The poor men said to me, ” you should help us because we depend on you. ”
The poor men told me that i should help them because they depended on me.

21. He said to her, ” you will not be able to do my work. ”
He told her that she would not be able to do his work.

22. She said to them, ” i am your neighbour so i shall help you. ”
She told them that she was their neighbour so she would help them.

23. Mohan said to me, ” since i don’t know you, i can’t help you. ”
Mohan told me that since he didn’t know me, he couldn’t help me.

24. The villagers said to the saint, ” We shall be very happy if you live in our village. ”
The villagers told the saint that they would be very happy if he lived in their village.

25. He said, ” i have everything that i need. ”
He said that he had everything that he needed.

26. She said to me, ” i don’t like you because you are not rich. ”
She told me that she didn’t like me because i was not rich.

Exception of Narration Direct and indirect Speech of Oxford Current English Grammar by R.k Sinha.

Note : यदि Inverted Commas के भीतर कोई ऐसा कथन हो जिससे चिरंतर सत्य ( Universal truth ) या सिद्धांत का बोध हो, तो Reporting Verb के Past Tense मे रहने पर भी Reported Speech के Tense मे कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होगा । जैसे

1. He said, ” The earth is round. ”
He said that the earth is round.

2. He said, ” Work is worship. ”
He said that work is worship.

3. He said, ” Two and two is four. ”
He said that two and two is four.

4. She said, ” We can’t escape death. ”
She said that we can’t escape death.

5. My father said to me, ” Honesty is the best policy. ”
My father told me that Honesty is the best policy.

6. He remarked, ” A bad carpenter quarrels with his tools. ”
He remarked that a bad carpenter quarrels with his tools.

7. The teacher said, ” The sun rises in the east and sets in the West. ”
The teacher said that The sun rises in the east and sets in the West.

8. My father said, ” Time and tide Waite for no man.
My father said that Time and tide wait for no man.

Oxford Current English Grammar Exercise 76 full Solution – Use of Universal truth direct to Indirect Speech.

Change Universal truth Sentence into Indirect Speech.

1. He said to me, ” i helped you. ”
He told me that he had helped me.

2. She said to him, ” i gave you my pen. ”
She told me that she had given him her pen.

3. They said to the girls, ” you danced well. ”
The told the girls that they had danced well.

4. i said to him, ” i was your neighbour. ”
i told him that i had been his neighbour.

5. The farmers said to him, ” we were always ready to help you. ”
The farmers told him that they had been always ready to help him.

6. My mother said to my brothers, ” i was making tea for you. ”
My mother told my brothers that she had been making tea for them.

7. He said to them, ” i was waiting for you. ”
He told them that he had been waiting for them.

8. They said, ” we were struggling hard. ”
They said that they had been struggling hard.

9. He said, ” i had to wait. ”
He said that he had had to wait.

10. She said, ” i had no money at all. ”
She said that she had no money at all.

11. They said, ” we were present. ”
They said that they had been present.

12. He said, ” i had won the prize. ”
He said that he had won the prize.

13. They said to me, ” we had not done that. ”
They told me that they had not done that.

14. She said to her, ” i had nothing to do with her. ”
She told her that she had nothing to do with her.

15. i said to her, ” i had been playing with you. ”
i told her that i had been playing with her.

16. She said to me, ” we had been playing with you. ”
She told me that they had been playing with me.

17. He said to me, ” the earth moves round the sun. ”
He told me that the earth moves round the sun.

18. He said, ” when the cat is away the mice will play. ”
He said that when the cat is away the mice will play.

19. The teacher said, ” Labour never goes in van. ”
The teacher said that Labour never goes in van.

21. Ram said to me, ” i love my country very much. ”
Ram told me that he loved his country very much.

22. My father said, ” Time and tide wait for no man. ”
My father said that Time and tide wait for no man.

23. He said, ” we are mortal. ”
He said that we are mortal.

24. She said, ” we can’t escape death. ”
She said that we can’t escape death.

25. i said, ” iron is more useful then gold. ”
i said that iron is more useful then gold.

26. He said to me, ” i know what you did. ”
He told me that he knew what i had done.

27. He said, ” He was very polite and promised to do what he could for us. ”
He said that he had been polite and promised to do what he could for them.

28. She said to me, ” i don’t know what your mother will say when she finds me with you. ”
She told me that she didn’t know what my mother would say when she found her with me.



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