Change Direct into Indirect Speech Special Rules Part 1of Oxford Grammar by R.k Sinha

Change Direct into Indirect Speech Special Rules Part 1of Oxford Grammar by R.k Sinha



How to change interrogative sentences into indirect speech & it’s Rules, Examples & Exercise Solution of Oxford Grammar.

Note : General Rules जहाँ सभी प्रकार के वाक्यों के साथ लागू होते हैं । वहीं Special Rules विभिन्न प्रकार के वाक्यों के लिए भिन्न भिन्न होते हैं ।

Special Rules : Assertive Sentences / Statements

Inverted Comma के अंदर प्रयुक्त Assertive Sentence को Indirect Speech मे परिवर्तित करने के लिए जो भी नियम हैं ।  उनसे आप पिछले पोस्ट मे परिचित हो चुके हैं । क्योंकि अभी तक आपने जिन वाक्यों को Indirect Speech मे परिवर्तित किये हैं वे सभी Assertive Sentence हैं ।

आपने देखा है कि Inverted Commas को that मे बदल दिया जाता है । जब Say के बाद to + Object रहता है । तब Reporting Verb Say को tell + Object मे बदल दिया जाता है । और

जब to + Object नहीं रहता है, तब Say को ज्यो का त्यो छोड़ दिया जाता है । आप चाहे तो say + to + object को tell + object मे नहीं भी बदल सकते हो, परंतु बदल देना ज्यादा अच्छा होगा ।

Interrogative Sentences ke Special Rules & Examples

यदि Inverted Commas के भीतर Interrogative Sentence रहे तो निम्नलिखित प्रकार से Direct Speech को Indirect Speech मे बदलते हैं ।

1. Reporting Verb ( say, said ) को ( ask, asked ) मे बदल देते हैं ।

2. Inverted Comma के स्थान पर if का प्रयोग करते हैं

3. Inverted Comma के अंदर प्रयुक्त Interrogative Sentence को Assertive Sentence मे बदल देते हैं । और Indirect Speech मे Change करने के जो सामान्य नियम ( General Rules ) हैं उन्हें Apply कर पूरे वाक्य को Indirect Speech मे बदल देते हैं ।

Note : Interrogative Sentences को Assertive Sentence मे इस प्रकार बदला जाता है ।

Interrogative                           Assertive

Are you poor ?                                 You are poor.
Are you ill ?                                          You are ill.
Am i not rich ?                                 i am not rich.
Was he absent ?                           He was absent.
Was she dancing ?                   She was dancing.
Has he a cow ?                                He has a cow.
Have they gone ?                       They have gone.
Have you no time ?                 You have no time.
Had you a book ?                        You had a book.

Can she do ?                                        She can do.
Can you do this ?                        You can do this.
Will he go ?                                            He will go.
Will you do ?                                        You will do.
Shall i do this ?                                i shall do this.
Could he go ?                                      He could go.
Should you run ?                        You should run.
Should you go there ?       You should go there.

Do you eat ?                                               You eat.
Do you not play ?                          You don’t play.
Does he go ?                                             He goes.
Does he read ?                                         He reads.
Doesn’t she help you ?     She doesn’t help you.
Did he go ?                                                He went.
Did he not go ?                                  He didn’t go.
Did you know ?                                      You knew.
Did they not come ?                They didn’t come.
Had he gone ?                                   He had gone.

Note : Inverted Comma के अंदर Interrogative Sentence जिस Tense मे होता है, उसे उसी Tense के Assertive Sentence मे बदला जाता है ।

इसे एक Examples से समझे ।1. He said to me, ” Are you ill. ”

सबसे पहले inverted comma के अंदर जो   interrogative sentence हैं उसे Assertive sentence में बदलेंगे ।

1. He said to me, ” you are ill. ”

अब यह Assertive form मे है, और अब इसे Indirect Speech मे Change करेंगे ।

1. He asked me if i was ill.

Oxford Current English Grammar Exercise 79 Solution – Direct to Indirect Speech Changing Special Rules – 1.

Change interrogative sentences into indirect speech Special Rules

1. He said to me, ” Are you poor ? ”
He asked me if i was poor.

2. She said to me, ” Am i not helping to you ? ”
She asked me if she was not helping to me.

3. She said to me, ” were you busy ? ”
She asked me if i had been busy.

4. He said to her, ” was i not helping you ?
He asked her if he had been not helping her.

5. Ram said to me, ” Are you going today ? ”
Ram asked me if i was going that day.

6. The boy said to his mother, ” Have you sweets for me ? ”
The boy asked his mother if she had sweets for him.

7. He said to his friend, ” have i vexed you ? ”
He asked his friend if he had vexed him.

8. He said to the farmers, ” have you enough money to buy sweets ? ”
He asked the farmers if they had enough money to buy sweets.

9. He said to me, ” had you not gone there ? ”
He asked me if i had not gone there.

10. ” Can you break this lock ? ” The girl said to him.
The girl asked him if he could break that lock.

11. He said to me, ” should you do this ? ”
He asked me if i should do that.

12. ” Have you written the letter ? ” He asked me.
He asked me if i had written the letter.

13. He said to his mother, ” will you give me money ? ”
He asked his mother if she would give him money.

14. He said to me, ” will you not go to patna ? ”
He asked me if i should not go to patna.

15. He said to her, ” do you know my father ? ”
He asked her if she knew his father.

16. He said, ” don’t you play football ? ”
He asked me if i didn’t play football.

17. She said, ” does he help you ? ”
She asked me if he helped  me.

18. They asked me, ” doesn’t Ram read in your school ? ”
They asked me if Ram didn’t read in my school.

19. He said, ” did he come ? ”
He said if he had come.

20. She said to me, ” did you not like my sister ? ”
She asked me if i had not liked her sister.

21. He said to the boys, ” didn’t you make a noise in the class ? ”
He asked the boys if they hadn’t made a noise in the class.

22. He said to her, ” do you think it may rain today ? ”
He asked her if she thought it might rain that day.

23. ” Do you think i shall help you ? ” She said to me.
She asked me if i thought she would help me.

24. He said to me, ” is it clear to you ? ”
He asked me if it was clear to me.

How to change w.h word question into indirect speech and it’s Rules, Examples & Exercise Solution.

Change w.h word question into indirect speech.

Note : यदि Inverted Comma के अंदर W.h Word Question Sentences रहे । तो फिर निम्नलिखित प्रकार से direct speech को indirect speech मे change करते हैं ।

1. Reporting Verb ( say, said ) को ( ask, asked ) मे बदल देते हैं ।

2. Reporting Verb के बाद प्रयुक्त to को हटा देते हैं ।

3. Inverted Commas के स्थान पर W.h Word को लिखते हैं ।  और फिर Interrogative Sentences को Assertive Sentence मे बदल देते हैं । और फिर पुनः पूरे वाक्य को Indirect Speech मे Change कर देते हैं ।

Interrogative                          Assertive

Where do you live ?                  Where you live.
Why don’t you play ?         Why you don’t play.
When did he come ?                  When he came.
How shall i go ?                            How i shall go.
How much do you eat ?     How much you eat.
What is your name ?         What your name is.
Who are you ?                                Who you are.
Who will go ?                                   Who will go.
Who helps her ?                         Who helps her.
Who can do this ?                   Who can do this.
Who killed the bird ?       Who killed the bird.
Who has beaten you ?     Who has beaten you.
Why didn’t she dance ? Why she didn’t dance.
How many boys will come ?  How many boys will come.
What was the name of your father ? What the name of your father was.

Oxford Current English Grammar Exercise 80 full Solution and Change w.h word question into indirect speech.

How to chang Direct to Indirect Speech

1. He said to me, ” Why do you vex me ? ”
He asked me why i vexed him.

2. He said to me, ” Why don’t you do as i command ? ”
He asked me why i didn’t do as he commanded.

3. She said, ” What does Ram do ? ”
She asked what Ram did.

4. He said, ” Why does he not respect you ? ”
He asked me why he didn’t respect me.

5. He said to his brother, ” Why did you go there ? ”
He asked his brother why he had gone there.

6. i said to my friends, ” Why didn’t you appear at the examination ? ”
i asked my friends why they hadn’t appeared at the examination.

7. The boys said to the old woman, ” Why are you sad ? ”
The boys asked the old woman why she was sad.

8. The teacher said to us, ” Why were you absent ? ”
The teacher asked us why we had been absent.

9. He said to mohan, ” What are you interesting in ? ”
He asked mohan what he was interesting in.

10. She said, ” When is your mother coming ? ”
She asked me when my mother was coming.

11. Ali said to me, ” How were you preparing for the examination ? ”
Ali asked me how i had been preparing for the examination.

12. She said to me, ” Why have you no time for me ? ”
She asked me why i had no time for her.

13. She said to me, ” Why have you wanted to meet my father ? ”
She asked me why i had wanted to meet her father.

14. She said to her, ” When had he done the job ? ”
She asked her when he had done the job.

15. He said to her, ” When will you give me your notebook ? ”
He asked her when she would give him her notebook.

16. He said to the travellers, ” What can i do for you ? ”
He asked the travellers what he could do for them.

17. He asked, ” Why should i help you ? ”
He asked me why he should help me.

18. He said to me, ” What is your father’s name ? ”
He asked me what my father’s name was.

19. She asked, ” What is your mother ? ”
She asked me what my mother was.

21. He said, ” Who disturbs you ? ”
He asked me who disturbed me.

22. She said, ” Who can cheat you ? ”
She asked me who could cheat me.

23. They said to me, ” Who is helping you ? ”
They asked me who was helping me.

24. He asked, ” Who killed your dog ? ”
He asked me who had killed my dog.

26. He asid, ” How much money can you give me for the service i have done to you ? ”
He asked me how much money i could give him for the service he had done to me.

27. He said to me, ” How many cows have you ? ”
He asked me how many cows i had.

28. They said, ” Who will save us ? ”
They asked who would save them.

30. ” Why do you think it may be dangerous ? ” i asked her.
i asked her why she thought it might be dangerous.

31. ” How many sleeping pills have you taken ? ” said the doctor.
The doctor asked me how many sleeping pills i had taken.

32. ” Why should i help you when you don’t care for me ? ” asked he.
He asked me why he should help me when i didn’t care for him.

33. He asked, ” Which team won the match ? ”
He asked which team had won the match.

34. He asked the stranger, ” What are you and where are you coming from ? ”
He asked the stranger what he was and where he was coming from.

35. He said, ” which country do you live in ? ”
He asked me which country i lived in.

36. He said to me, ” What will you do ? ”
He asked me what i would do.

37. He said, ” What will save us ? ”
He asked what would save them.

38. He said to me, ” What is wrong with it ? ”
He asked me what was wrong with it.

39. He said, ” What is main problem here ? ”
He asked what the main problem was here.

40. He said, ” What is this ? ”
He asked what that was.

41. He said, ” What happened ? ”
He asked what had happened.



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