Active-Passive Voice Exercise 227 to 229 Solution Oxford Translation

Active-Passive Voice Exercise 227 to 229 Solution Oxford Translation



How to Translate Active & Passive Voice in Past Imperfect Tense, it’s Uses of Rules, Examples & Exercise Solution.

Translating Rules of Voice.

Active Voice in Past Imperfect Tense.

पहचान : खा रहा था, लिख रहा था, गा रहा था इत्यादि

Structure of Active Voice Past Imperfect Tense.

Subject + was/were + V-ing + Object.

मै खा रहा था ।
वह गाना गा रही थी ।
राम प्रतीक्षा कर रहा था ।
हमलोग पुस्तक पढ रहे थें ।
वे लोग तुम्हारा इंतजार कर रहे थे ।

Passive Voice in Past Continuous Tense.

पहचान : खाया जा रहा था, लिखा जा रहा था, पढाया जा रहा था इत्यादि

Structure of Passive Voice Past Imperfect Tense.

Subject + was/were + being + V3

कार्य किया जा रहा था ।
पुस्तकें छापी जा रही थीं ।
चोर को पीटा जा रहा था ।
सड़कों की मरम्मत की जा रही थी ।
हमलोगो को हिंदी पढाया जा रहा था ।

More Solved Examples of Voice.

Affirmative Sentence of Voice.

चोर को पीटा जा रहा था ।     The thief was being beaten.
मिठाइयाँ बाँटी जा रही थी ।     Sweets were being distributed.
चिट्ठी टंकित की जा रही थी ।     The letter was being typed.
खिलौने बेचे जा रहे थे ।      Toys were being sold.
मुझे तंग किया जा रहा है ।     i  was being vexed.
कार्य किया जा रहा था ।      The work was being done.

Negative Sentence of Voice.

Subject + was/were + not + being + V3

खेत नहीं जोते जा रहे थें ।     The fields were not being ploughed.
पेड़ नहीं काटे जा रहे थे ।      The trees were not being cut.
गाना नहीं गाया जा रहा था ।     The song was not being sung.
काम नहीं किया जा रहा था ।     The work was not being done.
मुझे नहीं पढाया जा रहा था ।     i  was not being taught.

Interrogative Sentence of Voice.

Was/Were + Subject + ( not ) + being + V3 ?
W.h word + was/were + Subject + ( not ) + being + V3 ?

क्या खेत सींचा जा रहा था ?     Was the field being irrigated ?
क्या मिठाइयाँ बाँटी जा रही थी ?     Were sweets being distributed ?
क्या तुम्हें नहीं पीटा जा रहा था ?     Were you not being beaten ?
गायों को क्या खिलाया जा रहा था ?    What were the cows being fed ?
तुम्हें कब पढाया जा रहा था ?     When were you being taught ?
उसे क्यों पीटा जा रहा था ?     Why was he being beaten ?
उसे क्यों नहीं पढाया जा रहा था ?     Why was he not being taught ?
उसे कहाँ ले जाया जा रहा था ?     Where was he being taken ?

Oxford current english translation Exercise 227 Solution-Change Active & Passive Voice in Past Imperfect Tense.

Learn Active Voice & Passive Voice.

मै पढा रहा था ।     i was teaching.
मुझे पढाया जा रहा था ।     i was being taught.
वह मदद कर रहा था ।     He was helping.
उसकी मदद की जा रही थी ।     She/he was being helped.
पुलिस चोर को पीट रही थी ।     The police was beating the thief.
चोर को पीटा जा रहा था ।     The thief was being beaten.
कमरा साफ किया जा रहा था ।     The room was being cleaned.
मुझे गाली दी जा रही थी ।     i was being abused.
जंगल काटा जा रहा था ।     The forest was being cut.

मैच खेले जा रहे थे ।     The match was being played.
पुस्तकें छापी जा रही थी ।     The books were being printed.
सड़कों की मरम्मत की जा रही थी ।      The roads were being repaired.
पेड़ लगाए जा रहे थे ।      The trees were being planted.
मकान की पुताई की जा रही थी ।     The building was being whited/washed.
राम सोहन पीट रहा था ।     Ram was beating Sohan.
सोहन राम के द्वारा पीटा जा रहा थे ।     Sohan was being beaten by Ram.
खेत जोते जा रहे थे ।      The fields were being ploughed.

Oxford current english translation Exercise 228 Solution – Use of Active & Passive Voice in Past Continuous Tense.

Learn Active Voice & Passive Voice.

उसकी मदद नही की जा रही थी ।     He was not being helped.
काम नही किया जा रहा था ।      The work was not being done.
कुछ नहीं किया जा रहा था ।     Nothing was being done.
घर नहीं बेचा जा रहा था ।     The house was not being sold.
हमलोगो को नही पढाया जा रहा था ।      We were not being taught.
पेड़ नहीं काटे जा रहे थें ।      The trees were not being cut.
गाना नहीं गाया जा रहा था ।      The song was not being sung.
क्या आपलोगो को पढाया जा रहा था ?    Were you being taught ?
क्या आपको धमकाया जा रहा था ?      Were you being threatened ?

क्या अपराधियों को गिरफ्तार नहीं किया जा रहा था ?     Were the criminals not being arrested ?
क्या पत्र नहीं लिखा जा रहा था ?     Was a letter not being written ?
आपको क्या पढाया जा रहा था ?     What were you being taught ?
राम को क्या दिया जा रहा था ?     What was Ram being given ?
उसे गाली क्यों दी जा रही थी ?      Why was he being abused ?
मैच कहाँ खेला जा रहा था ?      Where was the match being played ?
चिठ्ठीयाँ क्यों बाँटी जा रही थी ?     Why were the letters being distributed ?
आपको क्यों गिरफ्तार किया जा रहा था ?     Why were you being arrested ?
आपलोगों के लिए क्यों कुछ नहीं किया जा रहा था ?
Why was Nothing being done for you ?

Past Perfect Tense

Use of Active & Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense & it’s Rules Structure, Examples & Exercise Solution.

Active Voice in Past Perfect Tense

पहचान : खा चुका था OR खाया था, लिख चुका था OR लिखा था इत्यादि

Structure of Active Voice of Past Perfect Tense.

Subject + had + V3 + Object

वह पढा चुका था ।
राम ने पत्र लिखा था ।
सीता गाना गा चुकी थी ।

Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense.

पहचान : खाया जा चुका था OR खाया गया था, लिखा जा चुका था OR लिखा गया था इत्यादि

Structure of Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense.

Subject + had been + V3
Subject + had been + V3 + by + ……..

मैच खेला जा चुका था ।
कविताएँ लिखी जा चुकी थी ।
राम के द्वारा पत्र लिखा गया था ।

More Solved Examples of Voice.

Structure of Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense.

Affirmative Sentence

Subject + had been + V3

Negative Sentence

Subject + had + not + been + V3

Interrogative Sentence

Had + Subject + ( not ) + been + V3 ?

W.h Question Sentence

W.h word + Had + Subject + ( not ) + been + V3 ?

Solved Examples Affirmative, Negative & Interrogative Sentence.

मैच खेला चुका था ।    The match had been played.
मैच नहीं खेला जा चुका था ।    The match had not been played.
क्या मैच खेला जा चुका था ?     Had the match been played ?
क्या मैच नहीं खेला जा चुका था ?   Had the match not been played ?
मैच क्यों खेला जा चुका था ?    Why had the match been played ?
मैच क्यों नहीं खेला जा चुका था ?     Why had the match not been played ?

Oxford current english translation Exercise 229 Solution – Right Use of Active & Passive Voice in Past Perfect Tense.

Learn Active & Passive voice

राम पढा चुका था ।     Ram had taught.
राम को पढाया जा चुका था ।      Ram had been taught.
काम पूरा किया जा चुका था ।     The work had been completed.
चोर को गिरफ्तार किया जा चुका था ।     The thief had been arrested.
पेड़ रोपे जा जा चुके थे ।      The trees had been planted.
गायें खिलाई जा चुकी थी ।     The cows had been fed.
किताबें खरीदी जा चुकी थी ।    The books had been bought.
कविताएँ लिखी जा चुकी थी ।     The poems had been written.

पेड़ नहीं रोपे जा चुके थे ।    The trees had not been planted.
क्या गाये खिलाई जा चुकी थी ?    Had the cows been fed ?
क्या तुमलोग पढाए जा चुके थे ?    Had you been taught ?
क्या उसे सजा दी जा चुकी थी ?     Had he been punished ?
क्या खेत नहीं जोते जा चुके थे ?    Had the fields not been ploughed ?
उसे क्यों गिरफ्तार किया जा चुका था ?    Why had he been arrested ?
यह काम पुरा क्यों नहीं किया जा चुका था ?     Why had this work not been completed ?
उसे आदेश दिया जा चुका था ।    He had been ordered.



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